العربية
     
What is E-Waste ?
Recycling E-Waste
Why Recycling ?
Why Recycling?

Recycling is the use of a variety of methods (usually physical processes) to turn disused recyclable waste material into a raw material form that can be re-used in manufacturing processes. The main difference between recycling and recovery is that recovery takes advantage of certain attributes to convert waste into energy or other products by using various methods. In a world where the consumption of electronic goods constantly increases, recycling of used materials, primarily metals and raw materials, reduces the use of resources. Consequently, damage to the environment and imbalance in nature, caused by technological progress and a growing population’s consumption need, is prevented.

In addition, it is possible to save energy when large amounts of recyclable materials are used as raw material. For example, the use of recycled aluminium, as opposed to newly manufactured aluminium, results in energy savings up to 30-35%. Similarly, recycled PVC can be used in industry as plastic based material or as semi-finished plastic, and the separated copper and aluminum can be utilized in any product that requires these metals as raw material. Thus, environmental pollution is prevented when waste cables are recycled and returned to the economy.

In summary, the recycling of the estimated 4kg (average) of per capita e-waste in Turkey is an investment in the economy and in the future. Recycling:

  • Economically speaking, adds value when it turns into a new industry/sector, by creating labor and employment.
  • Reduces the need for depleted raw materials (lead, rhodium, magnesium, etc.) and fossil fuel energy.
  • Reduces the release of toxic substances into the environment and the damage caused by global warming, and ultimately harm to people.

Therefore, it is vital to engage in a national information and awareness campaign in Turkey, which is still a developing market, in order to promote and turn ever increasing e-waste recycling into an opportunity, and ultimately into a new sector. Among the priorities of things to do are the following:

  • The timely entry into force of the related legislation "on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive" and a swift follow up to ensure its implementation.
  • Educate common people and institutions, highlight the benefits of recycling and increase awareness through these campaigns.
  • Inform citizens, through seminars on this subject, provided by municipalities and/orTurkish Ministry of Environment and Forestry and universities.
  • Municipalities must designate e-waste collection points for their citizens to ensure that the collection of these materials is performed under safe conditions and that these materials reach authorized companies.
  • To organize the scrap dealers, currently the largest e-waste collectors, and unite them under recycling companies thereby gaining their labor force and returning them to the economy.
  • Recycling companies must monitor and report the return on investments from recycling materials, and keep all e-waste producers, individuals and organizations informed.
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