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What is E-Waste ?
Recycling E-Waste
Why Recycling ?

What is E-Waste ?

 
Electronic waste or e-waste, is used, spent and discarded electrical and electronic waste. The fastest growing and most important type of waste found in the domestic and industrial waste flow is, namely, electronic waste which includes broken, damaged, obsolete, worn and outdated devices that contain environmentally polluting heavy metals. This has become an ever increasing global problem because the use of technology grows daily in all sectors, and also due to the fact that most of this waste has large volumes and is considered hazardous as a result of the harmful substances they contain. Removing these products from our daily lives is unthinkable and nearly impossible as they include computers, televisions, wireless communication devices, audio and video recording devices, mobile phones, printers, x-ray devices, microwave devices, white goods, small household appliances, vending machines and so on.

E-waste in Turkey, as defined by "The Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment" Regulation, published in the Official Gazette dated 30.05.2008, includes the electrical and electronic devices listed below as well as those which do not exceed 1000 Volts alternate current and 1500 Volts direct current; the goods that depend on electrical current and electromagnetic fields and devices that create, transfer and measure the electromagnetic fields.

In Turkey, the definition of e-waste includes the topics below:

  • Large household appliances (dish washing machine, washing machine etc.)
  • Small home appliances (vacuum cleaner,toaster etc.)
  • IT and telecommunication equipments (computers, telephones etc.)
  • Consumer equipment (video cameras, musical instruments etc.)
  • Lighting equipment (flourescent, energy-saving bulbs etc.)
  • Electrical and electronical devices (drills, saws etc. except big and fixed industrial equipment)
  • Toys, entertainment and sports equipment (video games, automatic dispensers etc.)
  • Monitoring and control devices (thermostates, heat regulators etc.)
  • Automatic dispensers (ATM, beverage vending machines etc.)

Medical devices are not included in this category.

Each year e-waste increases on an average of 5-8% representing 5-6% of the annual solid waste produced. It is projected that this rate will escalate due to the increased use of advanced technology in developing countries.E-waste generation is directly proportional to the Human Development Index and Purchasing Power. In particular, PCs and communication devices will become the leading devices found in e-waste. Consumers are constantly directed to use new tools due to fashion requests for new functions and the development of technology and software.

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